Reports of Brig. Gen. Alfred T. A. Torbert,
U. S. Army, commanding First Brigade.
O.R.--SERIES I--VOLUME XXVII/1 [S# 43] -- Gettysburg Campaign
HDQRS. FIRST BRIG., FIRST DIV., SIXTH ARMY CORPS,
August 3, 1863.
Capt. HENRY R. DALTON,
Assistant Adjutant-General, Division Headquarters.
SIR: I have the honor to report the following as the part taken by this brigade (First, Second, Third, and Fifteenth New Jersey Volunteers) at the battle of Gettysburg, Pa.:
On the night of July 1, about 10 o clock, the brigade started from near Manchester, Md., for Gettysburg. The distance by the route we marched was about 35 miles, and we made it by 4 p.m. on the 2d, only stopping an hour, about 1 p.m. on the 2d, to make coffee. We rested near the battle-field about two hours, when we were ordered to the left of the line, where we arrived about dark, with only 25 men absent, and they came up by the morning. The brigade was held in this position in reserve till morning.
Early on the morning of the 3d, the brigade was detached from the corps, and put in position in front and about the center of the line. This position we held till the morning of the 5th.
In the meantime the brigade was not actively engaged, excepting on the picket line, where there were 11 enlisted men wounded, and during this time the brigade was under the orders of Major-General Newton, commanding First Corps.
Much credit is due to Lieutenant-Colonel Wiebecke, Second Regiment New Jersey Volunteers, in charge of the picket line, and also Lieutenant [Howard H.] Goldsmith, additional aide-de-camp (his assistant), for their good management of the same on July 3.
I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant,
A. T. A. TORBERT,
Brigadier-General of Volunteers.
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HDQRS. FIRST BRIGADE, FIRST DIVISION, SIXTH CORPS,
July 17, 1863.
Pursuant to circular from headquarters Army of the Potomac, inspector-general's office, of July 16, 1863, I have the honor to report as follows:
Strength of command Command Officers Enlisted men Total 1st New Jersey 28 328 356 2d New Jersey 30 41 448 3d New Jersey 27 340 367 15th New Jersey 21 471 492 Total 106 1,557 1,663
Killed, Wounded, and Missing since the battle of Gettysburg Command Killed Wounded Date Remarks 1st New Jersey --- 1 July 13, 1863 Skirmish near Funkstown, Md 2d New Jersey --- 6 6 July 3, 1863 Gettysburg, Pa --- 2 July 11, 1863 Skirmish near Hagerstown, Md 3d New Jersey 1 1 July 5, 1863 Skirmish near Fairfield, Pa --- 1 July 3, 1863 Gettysburg, Pa --- 1 July 12, 1863 Near Funkstown, Md 15th New Jersey --- 3 July 3, 1863 Gettysburg, Pa Since dead --- 2 July 12, 1863 Funkstown, Md Total 1 17
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HDQRS. FIRST BRIG., FIRST DIV., SIXTH ARMY CORPS,
August 13, 1863.
Capt. HENRY R. DALTON.
Assistant Adjutant-General, First Division.
SIR: Agreeably to circular from headquarters Army of the Potomac, of August 13, I have the honor to report the following as the operations of this brigade--First, Second, Third, and Fifteenth Regiments New Jersey Volunteers--from June 28 to July 25:
June 28.--Marched from a point about half way between Edwards Ferry, on the Potomac, and Poolesville, Md., to Hyattstown; distance, about 18 miles.
June 29.--Marched from Hyattstown, Md., via New Market and Ridgeville, to near New Windsor, Md.; distance, about 22 miles.
June 30.--Marched from near New Windsor, via Westminster, to Manchester: distance, about 23 miles.
July 1.--Made a forced march from Manchester to Gettysburg, Pa.; distance, about 35 miles. Started at 10 p.m.; marched all night and the next day (July 2) until 4 p.m., only stopping about one hour at 1 p.m. to make coffee. Arrived on the battle-field with only 25 men absent. Rested near the center of the line for about two hours, when we were ordered to the left of the line, where we arrived about dark. The brigade was drawn up in two lines in reserve, in which position it was held until morning, the men sleeping on their arms.
July 3.--The absentees had joined their companies. Early in the morning the brigade was detached from the corps, and put in position in front and about the center of the line, and picketing strongly our own front, connecting on the right with the First Corps and on the left with the Fifth Corps. The brigade was not actively engaged on this day, excepting on the picket line, where there were 11 men wounded. A few men in the brigade were wounded by the explosion of shells.
July 4.--Held the same position as on the 3d. Much credit is due to Lieutenant-Colonel Wiebecke, Second Regiment, who was in charge of the picket line on the 3d, and also Lieutenant Goldsmith, additional aide-de-camp, who assisted him, for their very efficient management of the same. While the brigade was detached from the corps, I was under the orders of Maj. Gen. John Newton, commanding First Army Corps.
July 5.--Broke camp at 3 a.m.; joined my division and corps, taking the lead of the same. Started about 11 a.m. to follow the rear of the rebel army; marching in line of battle about 6 miles, covered by a heavy line of skirmishers, came up with their rear guard about 2 miles from Fairfield, and had a sharp skirmish. About 5 p.m. drove the enemy to Fairfield, and at night fell back about 1½ miles. Loss of the enemy, 2 killed, 2 officers and 4 privates prisoners. Our loss, 1 killed and 2 wounded.
July 6.--Started at 6 p.m. for Emmitsburg, as rear guard of the corps and trains; marched all night; arrived about daylight; distance, about 8 miles.
July 7.--Started at 6 a.m.; marched all day and until 10 p.m., stopping in the mountains near Hamburg in a severe rain storm; distance, about 15 miles.
July 8.--Marched at daylight over the mountain to Middletown; distance, about 8 miles.
July 9.--Started at 4 p.m.; marched to Boonsborough; distance, about 8 miles.
July 10.--Marched about 3 miles, and took position in two lines.
July 11.--Remained in same position.
July 12.--Marched about 6 miles; took position, first, about 2 miles from Hagerstown, on the Boonsborough and Hagerstown pike; about 2 p.m. changed position more to the left; 5 p.m. advanced picket line; drove in the enemy's pickets; lost 3 officers and 4 men wounded.
July 13.--Remained in same position.
July 14.--Advanced and marched to Williamsport, about 6 miles.
July 15.--Marched from Williamsport to Boonsborough; 16 miles.
July 16.--Marched from Boonsborough via Middletown and Petersville to Berlin; distance, about 20 miles.
July 17.--Remained in camp all day.
July 18.--Removed camp about 2 miles.
July 19.--Crossed the Potomac at Berlin on pontoon bridge; encamped near Wheatland, Va.; distance, 8 miles.
July 20.--Broke camp at 10 a.m., and marched via Purcellville to Aldie and Snickersville pike, and encamped near Philomont; distance, 14 miles.
July 21.--Remained in camp all day.
July 22.--Broke camp at 10 p.m., and marched via Union to the Little River turnpike; distance, 12 miles.
July 23.--Broke camp at 4 a.m.; marched via Rectortown to White Plains; distance, 12 miles.
July 24.--Broke camp at 6 p.m.; marched toward Warrenton; stopped about 12 o'clock at night near New Baltimore.
July 25.--Broke camp at 6 a.m., and marched to Warrenton via New Baltimore, distance 6½ miles, and took position on the Sulphur Springs road.
Too much praise cannot be given to officers and men for their patience and endurance on this long and tedious march of about 250 miles. There was far less straggling than was ever known in this brigade before.
I am, very respectfully, yours, &c..
A. T. A. TORBERT,
Brigadier-General of Volunteers
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