Reports of Brig. Gen. David A. Russell,
U. S. Army, commanding Third Brigade.
O.R.--SERIES I--VOLUME XXVII/1 [S# 43] -- Gettysburg Campaign

HEADQUARTERS THIRD BRIGADE, August 3, 1863.

Capt. HENRY R. DALTON,
Assistant Adjutant-General.

        SIR: In obedience to circular from headquarters Army of the Potomac, of date August 1, 1863, I have the honor to submit the following report of the part taken by this brigade in the battle of Gettysburg:
        This brigade reached Gettysburg on the evening of July 2.
        On July 3, early in the morning, it was put in position on the extreme left of our line of battle, and there held until late in the afternoon, when it was brought up to aid in opposing an anticipated attack on the center of our line. This brigade was not, however, actually engaged on that day.
        On the morning of July 4, this brigade relieved a portion of the Fifth Corps in the position held by a part of that corps, on the steep hill to the left of the center of our line. This position it retained until the morning of July 5, when, with the remainder of this corps, it was ordered in pursuit of the retreating enemy.
        There were no casualties in this command during any of the engagements on July 2, 3, and 4.

Very respectfully,
D. A. RUSSELL,
Brigadier-General, Commanding Brigade.

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HEADQUARTERS THIRD BRIGADE,
August 20, 1863.

Capt. HENRY R. DALTON,
Assistant Adjutant-General.

        SIR: I have the honor to submit the following report, in obedience to circular of date August 12, 1863, from headquarters Army of the Potomac:
        On June 28, this command broke camp near Edwards Ferry, Md., at 4 p.m. With the exception of much heavy marching and the share taken by it in the battle of Gettysburg, of which a report was forwarded from these headquarters on the 3d instant, nothing of moment occurred until Sunday, July 12, on the morning of which last-mentioned day we were encamped within about 2 miles of Funkstown, Md.
        At 4.30 o'clock on the morning of July 12, we broke camp and marched out about half a mile beyond Funkstown, where we halted and formed line of battle. The Sixth Maine Volunteers was placed on the left of the road (its right resting on the road) leading from Funkstown to Williamsport; the Fifth Regiment Wisconsin Volunteers in the rear of the Sixth Maine; the One hundred and nineteenth Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers on the right of the road, its left resting on the road, while the Forty-ninth Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers was stationed by the general commanding the division about a third of a mile to the right of the road, to support a battery in position at that point. A strong line of skirmishers was thrown out in front of the Sixth Maine Volunteers, and the skirmish line was advanced a little during the morning, and some brisk skirmish firing ensued therein.
        About 2 p.m. Capt. R. W. Furlong, commanding Company D, Sixth Maine Volunteers, with his company, in a highly daring and gallant manner, broke through the skirmish line, and, without losing a man, surrounded and captured 33 enlisted men, a captain, and a lieutenant--an entire company.
        About 5 p.m. the entire command was moved about a mile to the left of the road and toward the river bank, on a line nearly parallel to that it had occupied during the day. At this point the enemy had a strong embankment, in front of which were rifle-pits and covers for sharpshooters. Here two companies of the Fifth Wisconsin Volunteers and Company B, of the Forty-ninth Pennsylvania Volunteers, were deployed as skirmishers, the right of the line connecting with the left of the First Brigade of this division, and the left of this line connecting with the right of the Second Division of this corps. There was much severe skirmishing at this point, and at about sunset the entire line, pushing the enemy's skirmishers before it, was advanced about half a mile to the crest of a hill most advantageously situated in regard to the enemy's position.
        The list of casualties in the command in the skirmishes of this day was as follows: Fifth Wisconsin Volunteers, none; Sixth Regiment Maine Volunteers, none; Forty-ninth Pennsylvania Volunteers, 1 (First Lieut. Edward T. Swain, wounded in thigh); One hundred and nineteenth Pennsylvania Volunteers, none; total, 1. With the exception of 8 men of this command captured at White Plains (heretofore reported), there have been no casualties in the command other than have been reported since June 28.

Very respectfully,
D. A. RUSSELL,
Brigadier-General, Commanding Brigade.

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