Reports of General Robert E. Lee, C. S. Army, Commanding Army of Northern Virginia.
MAY 4-JUNE 12, 1864--Campaign from the Rapidan to the James River, Va.
O.R.-- SERIES I--VOLUME XXXVI/1 [S# 67]

HEADQUARTERS ARMY OF NORTHERN VIRGINIA,
May 5, 1864--11 p.m. (Received 6th.)

Hon. SECRETARY OF WAR.

       The enemy crossed the Rapidan yesterday at Ely's and Germanna Fords. Two corps of this,army moved to oppose him Ewell's, by the old turnpike, and Hill's, by the plank road. They arrived this morning in close proximity to the enemy's line of march. A strong attack was made upon Ewell, who repulsed it, capturing many prisoners and four pieces of artillery. The enemy subsequently concentrated upon General Hill, who, with Heth's and Wilcox's divisions, successfully resisted repeated and desperate assaults. A large force of cavalry and artillery on our right flank was driven back by Rosser's brigade. By the blessing of God we maintained our position against every effort until night, when the contest closed. We have to mourn the loss of many brave officers and men. The gallant Brig. Gen. J. M. Jones was killed, and Brig. Gen. L. A. Stafford, I fear, mortally wounded while leading his command with conspicuous valor.

R. E. LEE.


HEADQUARTERS ARMY OF NORTHERN VIRGINIA,
Via Orange Court-House, May 6, 1864--8 p.m.
(Received 4.45 a.m., 7th.)

SECRETARY OF WAR.

       Early this morning as the divisions of General Hill, engaged yesterday, were being relieved, the enemy advanced and created some confusion. The ground lost was recovered as soon as the fresh troops got into position and the enemy driven back to his original line. Afterward we turned the left of his front line and drove it from the field, leaving a large number of dead and wounded in our hands, among them General Wadsworth. A subsequent attack forced the enemy into his intrenched lines on the Brock road, extending from Wilderness Tavern, on the right, to Trigg's Mill. Every advance on his part, thanks to a merciful God, has been repulsed. Our loss in killed is not large, but we have many wounded; most of them slightly, artillery being little used on either side. I grieve to announce that Lieutenant-General Longstreet was severely wounded and General Jenkins killed. General Pegram was badly wounded yesterday. General Stafford, it is hoped, will recover.

R. E. LEE.


NEAR SPOTSYLVANIA COURT-HOUSE,
Via Orange Court-House, May [8], 1864--2.30 p.m.

Hon. JAMES A. SEDDON.

       After a sharp encounter with the Fifth Army Corps (Warren's) and Torbert's division of cavalry, General R. H. Anderson, with the advance of the army, repulsed the enemy with heavy slaughter and took possession of the Court-House. I am the more grateful to the Giver of all victory that our loss is small.

R. E. LEE,
General.


HEADQUARTERS ARMY OF NORTHERN VIRGINIA,
May 8, 1864--9 p.m.

Hon. SECRETARY OF WAR

       After the repulse of the enemy from Spotsylvania Court-House this morning, receiving re-enforcements, he renewed the attack on our position, but was again handsomely driven back.

R. E. LEE.


SPOTSYLVANIA COURT-HOUSE, May 10, 1864.
(Via Guiney's, 11th. Received 2.45 p.m.)

Hon. SECRETARY OF WAR.
(Same to the President and General Bragg.)

       General Grant's army is intrenched near this place on both sides of the Brock road. Frequent skirmishing occurred yesterday and to-day, each army endeavoring to discover the position of the other. To-day the enemy shelled our lines and made several assaults with infantry against different points, particularly on our left, held by General R. H. Anderson. The last, which occurred after sunset, was the most obstinate, some of the enemy leaping over the breast-works. They were easily repulsed, except in front of Doles' brigade, where they drove our men from their position and from a four-gun battery there posted. The men were soon rallied, and by dark our line was re-established and the battery recovered. A large body of the enemy moved around our left on the evening of the 9th and took possession of the road about midway between Shady Grove Church and the Court-House. General Early with a part of Hill's corps drove them back this evening, taking one gun and a few prisoners. Thanks to a merciful Providence our casualties have been small. Among the wounded are Brigadier-Generals Hays and H. H. Walker.

R. E. LEE.


HEADQUARTERS ARMY OF NORTHERN VIRGINIA,
May 11, 1864.

Hon. SECRETARY OF WAR,
Richmond, Va.

       SIR: Yesterday evening the enemy penetrated a part of our line and planted his colors upon the temporary breast-works erected by our troops. He was immediately repulsed, and among the brave men who met him the Twentieth North Carolina Regiment, under Colonel Toon, of the brigade commanded by Brig. Gen. R. D. Johnston, captured his flag. It was brought to me by Maj. John S. Brooks, of that regiment, who received his promotion for gallantry in the battle of Chancellorsville, with the request that it be given to Governor Vance. I take great pleasure in complying with the wish of the gallant captors, and respectfully ask that it be granted, and that these colors be presented to the State of North Carolina as another evidence of the valor and devotion that have made her name eminent in the armies of the Confederacy.

Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
R. E. LEE,
General.


HEADQUARTERS, May 12, 1864.
(Via Guiney's Station. Received Hanover Junction, 13th.)

Hon. SECRETARY OF WAR.

This morning at dawn the enemy broke through that part of our line occupied by Johnson's division and gained possession of a portion of our breast-works, which he still holds. A number of pieces of artillery fell into his hands. The engagement has continued all day, and, with the exception indicated, we have maintained our ground. In the beginning of the action we lost a large number of prisoners, but, thanks to a merciful Providence, our subsequent casualties were not large. Major-General Johnson and Brigadier-Gen-eral Steuart were taken prisoners. The brave General Perrin was killed and Generals Walker (of the Stonewall Brigade) and Daniel severely wounded.

R. E. LEE.


SPOTSYLVANIA COURT-HOUSE,
Via Guiney's Station, May 16, 1864.

His Excellency PRESIDENT DAVIS.

       The enemy has made no movement against our position to-day. He has retired his right and extended his left toward Massaponax Church, occupying the line of the Ny River, his main force being apparently east of that stream.

R. E. LEE.


HANOVER JUNCTION, May 23, 1864--10 p.m.
(Received 4.50 a.m., 24th.)

Hon. JAMES A. SEDDON

About noon to-day the enemy approached the Telegraph bridge over the North Anna. In the afternoon he attacked the guard at the bridge and drove it to this side. About the same time the Fifth Corps (General Warren) crossed at Jericho Ford, on our left. Was attacked by A. P. Hill and his advance checked.

R. E. LEE.


TAYLORSVILLE, May 24, 1864--9.30 p.m.

Hon. JAMES A. SEDDON,
Secretary of War.

       The enemy has been making feeble attacks upon our lines to-day, probably with a view of ascertaining our position. They were easily repulsed. General Mahone drove three regiments across the river, capturing a stand of colors and some prisoners, among them I aide-de-camp of General Ledlie.

R. E. LEE.


HEADQUARTERS ARMY OF NORTHERN VIRGINIA,
Atlee's, May 28, 1864--6 p.m.

Hon. JAMES A. SEDDON,
Secretary of War, Richmond, Va.

       SIR: The army is in front of this position extending toward Totopotomoy Creek. As far as I can ascertain none of the enemy have advanced south of that creek. I believe that he is assembling his army behind it. General Fitzhugh Lee's division of cavalry engaged the enemy's cavalry near Haw's Shop about noon to-day and drove them back upon their infantry, which prisoners stated to be the Fifth and Sixth Corps. I have not, however, received very definite information as yet either as regards their positions or numbers.

I am, with respect, your obedient servant,
R. E. LEE,
General.


HEADQUARTERS ARMY OF NORTHERN VIRGINIA,
June 1, 1864.

Hon. SECRETARY OF WAR,
Richmond, Va.

       There has been skirmishing along the lines to-day. General Anderson and General Hoke attacked the enemy in their front this forenoon and drove them to their intrenchments. This afternoon the enemy attacked General Heth and were handsomely repulsed by Cooke's and Kirkland's brigades. Generals Breckinridge and Mahone drove the enemy from their front, taking about 150 prisoners. A force of infantry is reported to have arrived at Tunstall's Station from the White House and to be extending up the York River railroad. They state that they belong to Butler's forces.

Very respectfully,
R. E. LEE,
General.


HEADQUARTERS ARMY OF NORTHERN VIRGINIA,
June 2, 1864--8 p.m.

Hon. SECRETARY OF WAR,
Richmond, Va.

       SIR: Yesterday afternoon the enemy's cavalry were reported to be advancing by the left of our line toward Hanover Court-House and Ashland. General Hampton, with Rosser's brigade, proceeded to meet them. Rosser fell upon their rear, charged down the road toward Ashland, bearing everything before him. His progress was arrested at Ashland by the intrenchments of the enemy, when he changed his direction and advanced up the Fredericksburg railroad. General William H. F. Lee came up at this time with a part of his division and a joint attack was made. The enemy was quickly driven from the place and pursued toward Hanover Court-House until dark.
       During the afternoon General Fitzhugh Lee was forced to retire from Old Cold Harbor, on our extreme right; and as it was evident that the enemy was moving in that direction our own line was extended accordingly, General Hoke occupying the extreme right. The enemy attacked in heavy force and succeeded in penetrating between Hoke and Anderson, where there was an interval in our line, causing the right of Anderson and the left of Hoke to fall back a short distance. General Hoke subsequently recovered his position and General Anderson's right assumed one a short distance in rear of that it first occupied. This morning, the enemy's movement to our right continuing, corresponding changes were made in our line, Breckinridge's command and two divisions of General Hill being placed on the right. General Early, with Ewell's corps and Heth's division, occupied our left, and was directed to endeavor to get upon the enemy's right flank and drive [him] down in front of our line. General Early made the movement in the afternoon and drove the enemy from his intrenchments, following him until dark. While this attack was progressing General Hill re-enforced Breckinridge with two brigades of Wilcox's division and dislodged the enemy from Turkey Hill, in front of our extreme right.

Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
R. E. LEE,
General.


HEADQUARTERS ARMY OF NORTHERN VIRGINIA,
June 3, 1864--8.45 p.m.

Hon. SECRETARY OF WAR,
Richmond, Va.

       SIR: About 4.30 a.m. to-day the enemy made an attack upon the right of our line. In front of General Hoke's and part of General Breckinridge's line he was repulsed without difficulty. He succeeded in penetrating a salient on General Breckinridge's line and captured a portion of the battalion there posted. General Finegan's brigade, of Mahone's division, and the Maryland Battalion, of Breck-inridge's command, immediately drove the enemy out with severe loss. Repeated attacks were made upon General Anderson's position, chiefly against his right, under General Kershaw. They were met with great steadiness and repulsed in every instance. The attack extended to our extreme left, under General Early, with like results. Later in the day it was twice renewed against General Heth, who occupies Early's left, but was repulsed with loss. General Hampton encountered the enemy's cavalry near Haw's Shop, and a part of General William H. F. Lee's division drove them from their intrenchments. General Fitzhugh Lee's division occupies the south side of the Chickahominy as far as Long Bridge, with pickets extending across to the James.
Our loss to-day has been small, and our success, under the blessing of God, all that we could expect.

Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
R. E. LEE,
General.


HEADQUARTERS ARMY OF NORTHERN VIRGINIA,
June 4, 1864--8.30 p.m.

Hon. SECRETARY OF WAR,
Richmond, Va.

       SIR: Last night, after the date of my dispatch, Generals Breckinridge and Finegan were attacked by the enemy as they were preparing tore-establish their skirmish line. The enemy was soon repulsed. Immediately afterward an attack was made upon General Hoke's front, with a like result. Up to the time of writing nothing has occurred along the lines to-day except skirmishing at various points. The position of the army is substantially unchanged.

Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
R. E. LEE,
General.


HEADQUARTERS ARMY OF NORTHERN VIRGINIA,
June 5, 1864--8.30 p.m.

Hon. SECRETARY OF WAR,
Richmond, Va.

       SIR: Nothing has occurred on the lines to-day except slight skirmishing. There is no apparent change in the position of the enemy. No movement on his part has been discovered,

Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
R. E. LEE,
General.


HEADQUARTERS ARMY OF NORTHERN VIRGINIA,
June 6, 1864--8.30 p.m.

Hon. SECRETARY OF WAR,
Richmond, Va.

       SIR: There has been very little skirmishing on the lines to-day. It was discovered early this morning that the enemy had withdrawn from the front of General Early, on our left, and from most of the front of General Anderson, in the center.

Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
R. E. LEE,
General.


HEADQUARTERS ARMY OF NORTHERN VIRGINIA,
June 7, 1864--7 p.m.

Hon. SECRETARY OF WAR,
Richmond, Va.

       SIR: The operations of to-day have been unimportant. Slight skirmishing has taken place along the lines

Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
R. E. LEE,
General.


HEADQUARTERS ARMY OF NORTHERN VIRGINIA,
June 8, 1864--8 p.m.

Hon. SECRETARY OF WAR,
Richmond, Va.

       SIR: The enemy has been unusually quiet to-day along the whole extent of his lines, and nothing of importance has occurred. Two divisions of his cavalry, under General Sheridan, are reported to have crossed the Pamunkey yesterday at New Castle Ferry, and to have encamped last night at Dunkirk and Aylett's, on the Mattapony. They were accompanied by artillery, ambulances, wagons, and beef-cattle.

Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
R. E. LEE,
General.


HEADQUARTERS ARMY OF NORTHERN VIRGINIA,
June 9, 1864--9.30 p.m.

Hon. SECRETARY OF WAR,
Richmond, Va.

       SIR: The enemy has been quiet to-day---apparently engaged in strengthening his intrenchments. Skirmishing on the lines has been very light.

Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
R. E. LEE,
General.


HEADQUARTERS ARMY OF NORTHERN VIRGINIA,
June 10, 1864--8.30 p.m.

Hon. SECRETARY OF WAR,
Richmond.

       SIR: The enemy has made no movement to-day. The skirmishing along the lines has been somewhat more active and systematic than during the last two days.

Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
R. E. LEE,
General.


HEADQUARTERS ARMY OF NORTHERN VIRGINIA,
June 11, 1864--6.30 p.m.

Hon. SECRETARY OF WAR,
Richmond.

       SIR: The enemy has been quiet to-day, with the usual skirmishing along the lines.

Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
R. E. LEE,
General.


HEADQUARTERS ARMY OF NORTHERN VIRGINIA,
June 13, 1864--10 p.m.

Hon. SECRETARY OF WAR,
Richmond.

       SIR: A dispatch just received from Major-General Hampton states that he defeated the enemy's cavalry near Trevilian with heavy loss, capturing 500 prisoners, besides the wounded. The enemy retreated in confusion, apparently by the route he came, leaving his dead and wounded on the field.
       At daybreak this morning it was discovered that the army of General Grant had left our front. Our skirmishers were advanced between 1 and 2 miles, but failing to discover the enemy were withdrawn, and the army was moved to conform to the route taken by him. He advanced a body of cavalry and some infantry from Long Bridge to Riddle's Shop, which were driven back this evening nearly 2 miles, after some sharp skirmishing.

Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
R. E. LEE,
General.


HEADQUARTERS ARMY OF NORTHERN VIRGINIA,
June 14, 1864--9 p.m.

Hon. SECRETARY OF WAR,
Richmond, Va.

       SIR: The force of the enemy mentioned in my last dispatch as being on the Long Bridge road disappeared during the night. It was probably advanced to cover the movement of the main body, most of which, as far as I can learn, crossed the Chickahominy at Long Bridge and below, and has reached James River at Westover and Wilcox's Landing. A portion of General Grant's army upon leaving our front at Cold Harbor is reported to have proceeded to the White House and embarked at that place. Everything is said to have been removed and the depot at the White House broken up. The cars, engine, railroad iron, and bridge timber that had been brought to that point have also been reshipped.

Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
R. E. LEE,
General.


HEADQUARTERS ARMY OF NORTHERN VIRGINIA,
June 15, 1864--6 p.m.

Hon. SECRETARY OF WAR,
Richmond, Va.

SIR: After the withdrawal of our cavalry yesterday evening from in front of the enemy's works at Harrison's Landing his cavalry again advanced on the Salem Church road, and this morning were reported in some force on that road and at Malvern Hill. General William H. F. Lee easily drove back the force at the latter point, which retreated down the river road beyond Carter's Mill. A brigade of infantry was sent to support the cavalry on the road to Smith's Store and drove the enemy to that point without difficulty. Nothing else of importance has occurred to-day.

Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
R. E. LEE,
General.

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