Report of Col. James B. Fry. Provost-Marshal-General, U. S. Army, with orders, &c.
JULY 13-16, 1863.--Draft Riots in New York City, Troy, and Boston

PROVOST-MARSHAL-GENERAL'S OFFICE,
Washington, D.C., July 14, 1863.

Hon. E. M. STANTON,
Secretary of War.

        SIR: The enforcement of the draft was yesterday seriously resisted in the ninth district of the city of New York. The mob, variously estimated in numbers up as high as 30,000, attacked the officers of this bureau in the performance of their duty, and destroyed the building in which the draft had been conducted, and many of the rolls, records, and appurtenances connected with the draft. The military and the police force of the city on duty there were overwhelmed and dispersed.
        In the present condition of things, I do not think the draft can be made without additional force. I therefore recommend that four regiments of infantry and a battery of artillery be sent immediately to New York City, and, without intending to travel beyond the line of my duty, I would state that I think the public interest, so far as my department is concerned, would be greatly promoted if Major General McDowell can be assigned to such command as will enable him to direct the military operations necessary to enforce the draft in the State of New York and New England. 'The numbers and importance in this riot are doubtless greatly exaggerated, but I deem it sufficiently serious to justify the suggestions herein made.

I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant,
JAMES B. FRY,
Provost-Marshal- General.

ADDENDA.

PROVOST-MARSHAL-GENERAL'S OFFICE,
Washington, D.C., July 13, 1863.

Major-General WOOL,
Commanding, &c., New York City:

        SIR: It is reported that a serious riot is in progress in Third avenue, and that the provost-marshal's office has been burned. Will you please furnish at once all the force you can to enforce the enrollment act, provided the necessity for it is as represented?

JAMES B. FRY,
Provost-Marshal- General.

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WASHINGTON, D.C.,
July 13, 1863.

Col. ROBERT NUGENT,
Actg. Asst. Provost. Marshal-General, New York City:

        SIR: Apply to General Wool for force, if you have not done so, to quell the riot reported in Third avenue, provided it is serious. You had better concentrate your Invalid Corps with other forces, and act directly against the rioters, in conjunction with the city police.
        I have telegraphed General Wool. Report condition of affairs.

JAMES B. FRY,
Provost-Marshal- General.

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WASHINGTON, D.C.,
July 13, 186:3.

General WOOL,
Commanding New York City:

        SIR: Adjutant-General Sprague, now here, informs me that Colonel [Henry L.] Lansing, at New Dorp, has 300 or 400 men available for the riot, and also two companies, under Major [George W.] Scott, on Riker's Island. General Sprague says these are all subject to your orders. The marines and sailors at the navy-yard and receiving ship will, I presume, co-operate, if applied to by you.

JAMES B. FRY,
Provost-Marshal- General.

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WASHINGTON, D. C.,
July 14, 1863--11.10 a.m.

Col. ROBERT NUGENT,
Actg. Asst. Provost-Marshal-General, New York City:

        SIR: Suspend the draft in New York City and Brooklyn.

JAMES B. FRY,
Provost-Marshal- General,

(Same to Major [Alexander S.] Diven, to suspend draft in Buffalo.)

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WASHINGTON, D. C.,
July 14, 1863--11.30 a.m.

Col. ROBERT NUGENT,
Actg. Asst. Provost-Marshal-General, New York City:

        SIR: Send forward the consolidated lists of your districts, made for this office, as far as completed. Those that are not completed must be removed to a place of safety and then completed.

JAMES B. FRY,
Provost. Marshal- General.

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NEW YORK,
July 14, 1863.

Col. J. B. FRY,
Provost-Marshal- General:

        SIR: Headquarters destroyed by the mob. Papers safe.

JOHN DUFFY,
Provost-Marshal, Fifth District New York.

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WASHINGTON, D.C.,
July 14, 1863--3 p.m.

Col. ROBERT NUGENT,
Actg. Asst. Provost-Marshal-General, New York City:

        SIR: Set your detectives at work to ascertain the names of the ringleaders and other principal men concerned in the late riot, and to get evidence against them, so that they may be arrested and tried.

JAMES B. FRY,
Provost-Marshal- General.

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WASHINGTON, D.C.,
July 15, 1863--9.10 p.m.

Col. ROBERT NUGENT,
Actg. Asst. Provost-Marshal-General, New York City:

        SIR: My dispatch of yesterday in reference to draft must not be published.

JAMES B. FRY,
Provost-Marshal- General.

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WASHINGTON, D. C.,
July 16, 1863.

Col. ROBERT NUGENT,
Acting Assistant Provost-Marshal-General. New York:

        COLONEL: It is stated that the detachment of the Invalid Corps, under charge of Lieutenant [Montgomery S.] Reed, which was sent to quell the mob in New York, fired blank cartridges.
    The Provost-Marshal-General directs that you investigate this matter thoroughly, and report whether the statement is correct; and, if so, whether Lieutenant Reed gave orders to the men under his command to fire blank cartridges.

I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant,
HENRY STONE,
Assistant Adjutant-General.

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CIRCULAR, No. 48.}

PROVOST-MARSHAL-GENERAL'S OFFICE,
Washington, July 17, 1863.

        The operations of the draft lately ordered in the New England and Middle States, though in most instances completed, or now in progress without opposition, have, in one or two cities, been temporarily interrupted.
        Provost-marshals are informed that no orders have been issued countermanding the draft. Adequate force has been ordered by the Government to the points where the proceedings have been interrupted. Provost-marshals will be sustained by the military forces of the country in enforcing the draft, in accordance with the laws of the United States, and will proceed to execute the orders heretofore given for draft as rapidly as shall be practicable, by aid of the military forces ordered to co-operate with and protect them.

JAMES B. FRY,
Provost-Marshal- General.

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WASHINGTON, D. C.,
July 18, 1863--9.05 p.m.

Col. ROBERT NUGENT,
Acting Assistant Provost-Marshal-General, New York:

        SIR: Send back at once to Newark, N.J., the company of Invalid Corps taken from there and sent to New York three days ago. See General Canby on the subject, if necessary, but send the company at once to report back to the provost-marshal at Newark, N.J.

JAMES B. FRY,
Provost-Marshal- General.

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