Jeff Davis Battery (Alabama Artillery)
The Jeff Davis battery, organized at Selma in May, 1861, was soon sent to Virginia, where it fought in Early's brigade at Manassas and at the battle of Seven Pines, losing 3 men at the latter place. In Hill's division, during the Seven Days'. battles, it lost 3 killed and 14 wounded; at Cold Harbor, 3 killed and 10 wounded; at Gaines' Mill, 3 killed and 14 wounded. It also fought at Mechanicsville and many other points in Virginia, and was at South Mountain, Fredericksburg and Orange Court House. It took part in the terrible battle of Gettysburg. Serving, consecutively, in Long's and Page's brigades, it was in northern Virginia during the spring and summer of 1864, at Cedar Creek in October, 1864, and at Fort Clifton in March, 1865. It was almost continuously engaged. Its first captain was J. T. Montgomery, who was succeeded by J. W. Bondurant, and later it was commanded by W. J. Reese. The latter was in command during and after the battle of Gettysburg. These officers were all distinguished for their skill and gallantry.
Extracts From Official War Records
Vol. V--(1029) In Van Dorn's division, army of the Potomac, January 14, 1862.
Vol. XI, Part I--(943) In battle Seven Pines, May 31, 1862. (961, 966) Mentioned by General Garland, who says, Bondurant delivered a telling fire with his six pieces. (967) One killed and two wounded at Seven Pines.
Vol. XI, Part 2--(485) In Hill's division, in Seven Days' fight about Richmond. (511) Mentioned by Captain Webb as in Garland's brigade. (623) Gen. D. H. Hill reports that Bondurant's battery drove Yankee artillery off the field, June 26, 1862. (624) Mentioned by Gen. D. H. Hill, June 27th. (626) General Hill says battery engaged at Mechanicsville and Cold Harbor; at the latter place had 3 killed and 10 wounded. (640, 645) Commended by General Garland at Gaines' Mill, June 27th, where they lost 3 killed and 14 wounded. (652) Maj. H. P. Jones says battery was actively engaged with battery of enemy, June 27th.
Vol. XI, Part 3--(482, 532) In Early's brigade, April 30, 1862, 80 present. (615) Called Hardaway's, army before Richmond; 110 present, June 23d. (650) In D. H. Hill's division, July 23d. (690) Mentioned by Pierson, chief of artillery.
Vol. XIX, Part I--(809) In D. H. Hill's division, November 8, 1862. (836) Two 3-inch and two 12-pound howitzers. (1020-1024) Mentioned, Hill's report of Maryland campaign, September 14 to 17, 1862. (1040) Mentioned by Col. D. K. McRae, South Mountain.
Vol. XIX, Part 2--(652) General Pendleton's report, October 2, 1862, Captain Bondurant (Jeff Davis artillery), an admirable battery that has rendered eminent service, but he is its life; is now absent--sick.
Vol. XXI--(541, 1073) In D. H. Hill's division. (561) One killed and 3 wounded, battle of Fredericksburg.
No. 39--(1000) Mentioned by Col. T. M. Carter, May a and 3, 1864. (1044) Mentioned by Col. H. P. Jones, Orange Court House.
No. 40--(619) Proposed for army of Northern Virginia, Bondurant's battery, 4 guns, February, 1863. (626, 655, 729) Carter's battalion, Second corps. (637) Report of Lieut. E. P. Dandridge, February 20th, 83 present for duty.
No. 44--(287, 342) With O'Neal's brigade, Capt. W. J. Reese, Gettysburg, July 1st to 3d. (545, 603) Mentioned at battle of Gettysburg.
No. 48--(418) Mentioned as Reese's battery, in A. L. Long's report of fight at Bealeton, October 26, 1863, two men wounded. (423) Mentioned as Reese's battery by Col. Thomas Carter, commanding battalion, October 26th. (821) In General Long's division, army of Northern Virginia, October 31st.
Nos. 49, 60, 67, 88, 89--Army Northern Virginia; Young's brigade, December 31, 1863; Long's brigade, May, 1864; Page's battalion, February 28, 1865.
No. 90--(567) With Gen. J. A. Early, Cedar Creek, October 19, 1864.
No. 96--(1284) Present total, 87, Fort Clifton, March 6, 1865.
This Page last updated 10/05/03
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