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The Armies of the Confederate States in the Civil War

        The permanent Constitution of the Confederate States of America provided that the President should be commander-in-chief of the army and navy, and of the militia of the several States when called into actual service. Accordingly, in any consideration of the Confederate army, the part played by President Davis must be borne in mind; also the fact that he previously had seen service in the United States army and that he had been Secretary of War of the United States. As Secretaries of War in the Confederate States Government there were associated with President Davis, the following: LeRoy Pope Walker, of Alabama, February 21, 1861, to September 17, 1861 ; Judah P. Benjamin, of Louisiana, September 17, 1861, to March 17, 1862; George W. Randolph, of Virginia, March 17, 1862, to November 17, 1862; Major-General Gustavus W. Smith, of Kentucky, November 17, 1862, to November 21, 1862 ; James A. Seddon, of Virginia, from November 21, 1862, to February 6, 1865 ; and Major-General John C. Breckinridge, of Kentucky, February 6, 1865, to the close of the war. Unlike the Union army there were generals, both regular and of the provisional army, as well as lieutenant-generals ; it being the intention that every commander of an army should rank as general, and every commander of a corps should rank as lieutenant-general. Such was the case with the generals mentioned in the biographical matter following in connection with the various armies and other organizations. An exception to this statement was General Samuel Cooper, who served at Richmond as adjutant and inspector-general.
        General Samuel Cooper (U. S. M. A. 1815) was born in Hackensack, New Jersey, June 12, 1798, and served in the army, receiving the brevet of colonel for his services in the Mexican War. He resigned in March, 1861, to enter the service of the Confederacy. He was appointed gene but, owing to his age, took no active part in the field. He was adjutant and inspector-general of the Confederate States army throughout the entire war, performing his duties with great thoroughness and ability. He died at Cameron, Virginia, December 3, 1876.

Army of the Shenandoah
Army of the Peninsula
Army of the Northwest

Army of the Potomac
Army of Northern Virginia
Army of the Kanawha
Army of Eastern Kentucky
Army of New Mexico
Army of Louisiana
Army of Pensacola
Army of Mobile
Central Army of Kentucky
Army of East Tennessee-Army of Kentucky
Army of the Mississippi
Army of Tennessee
Army of Middle Tennessee
Missouri State Guard
Army of the West
Army of West Tennessee-Army of Mississippi

Southern Army - Trans-Mississippi Army
Army of Missouri
Army of Mississippi

Source: "The Photographic History of the Civil War"

This Page last updated 03/29/04

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