The Seventh Alabama Infantry Regiment
The Seventh Alabama infantry regiment was organized at Pensacola, in June, 1861, its field officers being: Sterling A. M. Wood, colonel; John G. Coltart, lieutenant-colonel; Alfred A. Russell, afterward distinguished as colonel of the Fourth Alabama cavalry, major. The regiment was engaged at the bombardment of Pensacola, October 9, 1861, and immediately afterward was ordered to East Tennessee. It enlisted for one year, and its time expired a short period prior to the battle of Shiloh. Colonel Wood had been made brigadier-general; Coltart, its lieutenant-colonel, had become colonel of the Twenty-sixth regiment (afterward denominated the Fiftieth), and Russell, the major, became colonel of the Fourth Alabama cavalry.
Two of the companies of the Seventh, commanded by Jesse J. Cox and T. G. Jenkins, were cavalry. They retained their organization, fought at the battle of Shiloh and afterward formed part of the Fifty-third cavalry. The other officers and men, with rare exceptions, joined other commands, or raised and organized other troops, of which they were made officers.
Extracts From Official Records
Vol. I--(469, 470) "Seventh regiment near Pensacola," August 8, 1861. Letter of Col. S. A. M. Wood.
Vol. IV--(247, 248) "Regiment under command of Lieu-tenant-Colonel Coltart." Letter of Colonel Wood, November 17, 1861, at Chattanooga.
Vol. VI--(460) Three companies of Seventh were assigned to the Second battalion, commanded by Col. J. Patton Anderson, Pensacola, October 23, 1861. (777, 779) Referred to by General Bragg as having been transferred to East Tennessee, December 10, 1861.
Vol. VII--(689) Letter of Colonel Wood, Chattanooga, November 21, 1861. (713) Mentioned by Col. D. Leadbetter. (751) Mentioned by Gen. W. H. Carroll, Knoxville, December 9th. (762) Gen. A. S. Johnston writes he has ordered the Seventh from Chattanooga to Bowling Green, December 13th. (852) In Third brigade, General Wood; First division, army of Kentucky, General Hardee; January 31, 1862. (904) Colonel Coltart in command of regiment, February 23d.
Vol. X--(383) In Wood's brigade, Third corps, army of the Mississippi, April 6-7, 1862.
Vol. XVI, Part X--(960) Mentioned in Col. John T. Wilder's (Seventeenth Indiana infantry) report, siege of Munfordville, Ky., September 14-17, 1862.
This Page last updated 06/03/03