The Fifty-Fourth Alabama Infantry Regiment
The Fifty-fourth Alabama infantry was made up of troops from Tennessee and Alabama, and four companies from Alabama, first in the regiment of Col. L. M. Walker, of Tennessee. Most of these commands had been captured at Island No. 10, after having served a year or more. The regiment was organized at Jackson, Miss., in October, 1862; was brigaded under General Tilghman, later under Buford; fought at Fort Pemberton and at Baker's Creek, and escaped with small loss. At Vicksburg, only a detachment under Lieutenant Abney was with General Pemberton, the rest of the regiment having gone with General Loring to take part in the defense of Jackson. From February until April, 1864, the regiment was temporarily detached from Buford's command and sent to Montgomery for provost duty, when it was sent to the army of Tennessee, and in the brigade of General Baker, its former colonel, it took part in the Dalton-Atlanta campaign, losing very heavily at Resaca and at Atlanta, July 20 to 26, 1864. Among many killed was Lieut. Garrett Young. The brigade was with General Maury, in Mobile, for the next six months, when it was transferred to North Carolina. Its last engagement was at Bentonville, March 19th to 21st, and here, though there were but a few over 300 men, the regiment captured 200 and more of the enemy. It was consolidated with the Twenty-fifth, Thirty-ninth and Fiftieth Alabama regiments, under Col. Harry T. Toulmin, only a short time before the surrender at Smithfield. Adjt. Horace M. Smith died in service.
Its field officers were Cols. Alpheus Baker, who was promoted to brigadier, and, after the war, became distinguished as a lawyer, and John A. Minter; and Lieut.-Col. Thaddeus H. Shackelford.
Extracts From Official War Records
Fifty-fourth regiment Alabama infantry, formerly Fourth Confederate infantry, when first organized was called Fiftieth, but changed afterward to Fifty-fourth, formed from six companies, First Alabama, Mississippi and Tennessee infantry, and four companies, L. M. Walker's Fortieth Tennessee infantry. No. 36--(553) Gen. L. Tilghman, Canton, Tenn., April 24, 1863, reports that he has started regiment and section of artillery to Carthage.
No. 37--(82) General Buford's report of operations at Edwards' Depot, Miss., May 16, 1863. (328) General Pemberton's army at Vicksburg, July 4, 1863, includes a detachment under Lieut. Joel P. Abney.
No. 38--(613) In Tilghman's brigade, January 31, 1863, department of Mississippi, General Pemberton. (705) Tilghman's brigade, Loring's command, April, 1863.
(746) Assigned to Buford's brigade, April 15th. (783) General Pemberton orders General Tilghman, at Canton, to call in regiment.
No. 53--(515) Buford's brigade, Loring's division, August 20, 1863, department of Mississippi, General Johnston.
No. 57--(333) Assignment as above, February 20, 1864; General Polk in command of army.
No. 58--(816) Temporarily detached from Buford's brigade, February 29, 1864, and ordered by General Polk to proceed to Selma to report to General Withers.
No. 59--(602) March 9, 1864, regiment ordered to Montgomery, Ala. (816) Relieved from duty at Montgomery, April 28, 1864, to report to General Johnston for assignment to Baker's brigade.
No. 74--(649, et seq.) Baker's brigade, Johnston's army of Tennessee; Lieut.-Col. John A. Minter commanding regiment, Atlanta campaign. (818) See Thirty-seventh regiment. (845) General Baker's report of operations, including battles of Rocky Face, Resaca and New Hope Church, May 7 to June 2, 1864, says: "We have to mourn the loss, in this sanguinary conflict, of many brave men, among whom was First Lieut. Garrett L. Young, commanding Company C, Fifty-fourth Alabama, who fell within a short distance of the enemy's intrenchments, gallantly leading his command. Nor can I forbear to allude to the heroic death of the Rev. J. P McMullen, a missionary to this brigade, an aged Presbyterian clergyman of spotless and exalted character, who, having been to our soldiers-the preceptor and example of all that is admirable in the Christian, won upon this bloody field the crowning honor with which the martyr patriot alone is worthy to be wreathed." (852-854) Report of Col. J. A. Minter, May 15th, 5 killed and 20 wounded; May 24th, 1 wounded; May 25th, 3 killed and 18 wounded; May 30th, 4 killed and 10 wounded. "In the fatiguing marches and the different engagements, the men have borne up with cheerful fortitude, like men who are determined to defend their rights and their country. In every engagement, Private Joseph Powell, of Company H, and Private James H. Flevin, of Company C, highly distinguished themselves for their daring, bravery and coolness. With much regret I have to report Joseph Powell wounded and captured while reconnoitering the enemy's position, on the evening of the 31st, and James Flevin severely wounded in the shoulder, in the same engagement."
No. 78--(854) Transferred to Mobile with Baker's brigade, subsequent to August, 1864.
No. 79--(875) Baker's brigade, November 1, 1864, Liddell's division, district of the Gulf, General Maury.
No. 98--(1064) Twenty-second Alabama (consolidated with Twenty-fifth, Thirty-ninth and Fiftieth), under command of Col. Harry T. Toulmin, after April 9, 1865.
No. 100--(734) March 31, 1865, in Baker's brigade, Johnston's army.
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