The Fifty-Third Alabama Cavalry

        The Fifty-third regiment of mounted infantry was organized in the fall of 1862, by the addition of several companies to Maj. T. P. Jenkins' battalion, which had already rendered gallant service at Shiloh. Major Jenkins and Captain Cox commanded mounted companies in the Seventh Alabama prior to April, 1862. The regiment was first placed in Roddey's brigade, and fought at Thompson's Station, Brentwood, Town Creek and in the pursuit of Streight. It was on picket duty at Dalton in April, 1864. When Roddey's brigade was transferred to General Polk's department, this regiment was detached and was brigaded under General Hannon, and afterward General Hagan, in General Wheeler's cavalry corps, and took part in the perilous fighting all the way from Dalton to Atlanta. It participated in the daring raid of 1864 in Sherman's rear, and captured 100 men and 1,500 beef cattle; it fought at Jonesboro and Resaca, and continued to harass the Federals in the Carolinas.
        Its first colonel, M. W. Hannon, was early promoted to the command of a brigade. Lieut.-Col. J. F. Gaines, who succeeded in command, was wounded at Waynes-boro. Major Jenkins and Capt. L. E. Locke were captured near Florence, and Capt. W. R. Davis near Rome.

EXTRACTS FROM OFFICIAL WAR RECORDS.

        Jenkins' battalion, Alabama cavalry, called First Alabama battalion, merged into the Fifty-third Alabama cavalry:
    Vol. X, Part I--(382) Mentioned, belonging to Polk's corps, April, 1862. (471) Mentioned by Gen. Daniel Ruggles, Shiloh, April 6 and 7, 1862. (527) Mentioned by Capt. William Ketchum. (529) Report of Maj. T. F. Jenkins, Shiloh. Number of men engaged on the 6th, 52; on the 7th, 47; 2 killed and 6 wounded. (530) Report of Capt. J. J. Cox of Prattville dragoons, Jenkins' battalion.
        Fifty-third Alabama infantry, mounted, Partisan Rangers:
    Vol. XV--(903) Troops in the district of the Gulf, J. W. W. Mackall. Present for duty, 517; headquarters Mobile, December 20, 1862.
    Vol. XXIII, Part I--(119) Jenkins' squadron, 2 killed and 12 wounded, engagement at Thompson's Station, Tenn., March, 1863. (195) Colonel Dibrell's report of affair at Florence, March 25th, says: "Hannon's regiment was pouring volley after volley into the boats from the other side."
    Vol. XXIII, Part 2--(944) Col. M. W. Hannon, Roddey's brigade, Wheeler's corps, July, 1863.
        No. 55--(664) Assignment as above, November 20, 1863. No. 56--(619, 804, 888) Roddey's brigade, detached,Wheeler's corps, December, 1863.
        No. 57--(119) At Athens, Ala., January 26, 1864. No. 59--(801) Mentioned April 20th, on picket duty in front of Dalton; not transferred with Roddey's brigade to Polk's department. (871) Lieut.-Col. J. F. Gaines, Hannon's brigade, Wheeler's corps, April 30th. (873) Company G, Capt. P. B. Mastin, Jr., escort to Walker's division.
        No. 74--(642, et seq.) Hannon's brigade, Wheeler's corps, Atlanta campaign. (693) Ordered to Jonesboro to coöperate with General Armstrong in repelling raids coming in that direction, August 28, 1864. (946) Mentioned in report of Gen. Joseph Wheeler, battle of Resaca.
        No. 78--(856) Hannon's brigade, Wheeler's corps, September 20, 1864.
        No. 99--(980, 1072) Hagan's brigade, Wheeler's corps, January, 1865. (1148-1151) Mentioned by Maj. John G. Devereux, Augusta, Ga., February 10, 1865.

This Page last updated 10/04/03

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