The Forty-Sixth Alabama Infantry Regiment
The Forty-sixth regiment was organized at Loachapoka in May, 1862, and went immediately to East Tennessee, where it was brigaded under General Leadbetter, but in July transferred to General Taylor's command. At Tazewell it met with several casualties. Went into Kentucky in Stevenson's division, but took no part in any fight of consequence. Returning to Tennessee, the regiment was assigned with the Twentieth, Twenty-third, Thirtieth and Thirty-first Alabama, to General Tracy's brigade. Sent with the division to Mississippi, the regiment suffered greatly at Port Gibson (May 1st), where General Tracy was killed. At Baker's Creek, May 16, 1863, after a terrible fight and many casualties, one-half the command, with the field officers, were captured. The balance took part in the siege of Vicksburg, May 17th to July 4th, and after considerable loss were captured, with the fort. Exchanged, the regiment was in the parole camp at Demopolis, and was reorganized under General Lee; and under Pettus, as brigadier, it joined the army of Tennessee. It fought at Missionary Ridge, November 25th, and Ringgold, November 27th. The winter was passed at Dalton, and the regiment, with varying casualties and successes, fought through the campaign from Dalton to Atlanta, and back again to Tennessee. Its brilliant record at Columbia was never eclipsed, and it there suffered severely. At Nashville, December 15th and 16th, it was again engaged. In the retreat from Tennessee it was the rear-guard of the army and was highly complimented by General Hood.
Moving over to the Carolinas, it fought at Kinston, March 15 and 16, 1865, and at Bentonville, March 19th. It was consolidated with the Twenty-third, with Col. J. B. Bibb, Lieutenant-Colonel Kyle and Maj. J. T. Hester as field officers, and surrendered under the command of Captain Brewer, April 26th, at Salisbury.
Adjt. Thomas Riggs and Capts. McCaskill and James W. Powell were killed at Baker's Creek, Lieutenant McFarland at Jonesboro, and Capt. John F. Spinks during the retreat from Nashville. Capt. Leonidas Stephens died in the service. Capt. George E. Brewer, senior captain, was in command during the greater part of the existence of the regiment.
The field officers were Col. Mike L. Woods, Lieut.-Col. O. Kyle and Maj. James M. Handley, all of whom were captured at Baker's creek.
Extracts From Official War Records
Vol. XVI, Part 2--(716) Leadbetter's brigade, post of Chattanooga, department of East Tennessee, Gen. Kirby Smith, June 30, 1862; Col. M. L. Wood commanding regiment. (719) Taylor's brigade, department of East Tennessee, July 3, 1862. (984) Tracy's brigade, October, 1862.
Vol. XVII, Part 2--(825) Field report of Second brigade, First division, commanded by Gen. E. D. Tracy, gives Twentieth, Twenty-third, Thirtieth, Thirty-first and Forty-sixth Alabama regiments; station, Chickasaw Bluffs, near Vicksburg, January 3, 1863. Forty-sixth had not yet reported there.
No. 36--(680-682) Mentioned in Col. I. W. Garrott's report of the battle of Port Gibson, Miss., May 1, 1863.
No. 37--(51) Mentioned by General McGinnis (Union), battle of Baker's Creek, Miss., May 16th. (101-103) Gen. S. D. Lee's report of same particularly mentions Major Handley. (326) S. D. Lee's brigade, army of Vicksburg, July 4, 1863; Capt. George E. Brewer commanding regiment. (329) Lieuts. J. K. P. Cotton and J. T. House killed during the siege. (350) Mentioned in Gen. S. D. Lee's report of the siege. (354, 355) Capt. George E. Brewer (commanding regiment), in his report of the siege of Vicksburg, says: "Lieutenant-Colonel Pettus, who commanded at the time (May 22d), greatly distinguished himself by his gallantry." Casualties, 15 killed, 45 wounded.
No. 38--(1059) Lee's brigade, army of Vicksburg, Demopolis, Ala., August 29, 1863.
No. 55--(662) Pettus' brigade (reassigned November 12, 1863), Stevenson's division, Breckinridge's corps, army of Tennessee, General Bragg. (724) November 24 and 25, 1863, 5 wounded. (731) Mentioned in report of General Pettus, Lookout Mountain, November 24th.
No. 56--(804) Assignment as above, December, 1863; Captain Brewer commanding regiment.
No. 57--(482) General Pettus reports 5 wounded at Dalton, Ga., February 25, 1864.
No. 58--(587) January 20, 1864, Capt. James R. Cross commanding.
No. 59--(869) Assignment as above, April 30, 1864; Capt. James R. Cross commanding.
No. 74--Assignment as above, April to August, 1864.
No. 78--(853) Assignment as above, September 20, 1864; Capt. James W. Powell commanding.
No. 93--Assignment as above, in Nashville campaign.
No. 94--(799) Pettus' brigade, January 19, 1865. Total present, 174.
No. 98--(1088) General Hill's report, operations May 7th to 21st, says: "Skirmish line placed under charge of Captain Brewer, corps officer of the day."
No. 100--(733) Assignment as in November, March 31, 1865; Capt. George E. Brewer commanding regiment; Col. Jos. B. Bibb commanding brigade, General Pettus' division.
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