The Forty-Fourth Alabama Infantry Regiment
The Forty-fourth regiment was organized at Selma in May, 1862. The 1st of July found it in Richmond, brigaded with one Mississippi and two North Carolina regiments under Gen. A. R. Wright. In 1862, the Fourth Alabama was added, and in January, 1864, upon reorganization, the North Carolina commands were replaced by the Fifteenth, Forty-seventh and Forty-eighth Alabama, under General Law, who remained in command until January, 1865, when Colonel Perry was made the brigade commander. Camp diseases played havoc with the regiment, and with greatly thinned ranks it went into its first battle at Second Bull Run, August 30, 1862, and lost two of its captains, T. C. Daniel and William T. King. It took part at Harper's Ferry, September 15th; Sharpsburg, September I7th, where it suffered severely, losing nearly two-thirds of its effective force; Fredericksburg, December 13th, and Suffolk, December 28th; and, transferred to Law's brigade, it wintered on the Rappahannock. In the Suffolk, Va., campaign, companies A and B were captured at Hill's Point, April 18, 1864. At the battle of Gettysburg the regiment captured the first guns taken by the Confederates. It was sent with Longstreet's corps to the army of the West in time to take a prominent part in the battle of Chickamauga, September 19th and 20th, where again its loss was heavy. It fought at Lookout creek, October 28th, and at Knoxville, November 17th; again at Dandridge, January 16 and 17, 1864. The regiment was sent back to Virginia in time for the battle of the Wilderness, May 5th and 6th; and was at Spottsylvania, May 7th to 12th, where its casualties were great; also at Hanover Junction, Second, Cold Harbor, June 1st to 12th; and Bermuda Hundreds, June 2d to 10th. It was in the trenches around Petersburg until the final scene at Appomattox. Capts. T. C. Daniel and William T. King were killed at Second Bull Run; Capts. D. A. Bozeman and John H. Neilson, at Spottsylvania: Capt. Joab Goodson died in the service, as did Capt. Patrick P. Riddle: Capts. John M. Teague and William T. Dunklin were killed at Gettysburg: Capt. John D. Adrian was wounded at the Wilderness and killed at Chaffin's Bluff; Capts. Wm. N. Greene and Joseph T. Johnston were wounded at Chickamauga.
The field officers were Cols. Charles A. Derby, killed at Sharpsburg; William F. Perry, who was made a brigadier, and John A. Jones; Lieut.-Col. George W. Cary, wounded near Richmond, and Maj. A. W. Denman.
Extracts From Official War Records
Vol. XI, Part 2--(487) Wright's brigade, Huger's division, June 25th to July 1, 1862. (789) General Huger's report of same engagement, as supporting battery at junction of New Road and Charles City road, June 28th.
Vol. XI, Part 3--(651) Wright's brigade, Anderson's division, July 23, 1862; Col. James Kent commanding regiment.
Vol. XII, Part 2--(546) September 1, 1862, "Right wing of army of Northern Virginia, or Longstreet's corps." (561) Medical director reports 5 killed and 22 wounded at Manassas Plains, August 30, 1862. (816) Capts. T. C. Daniel and William T. King killed.
Vol. XVIII--(336) Two companies, A and B, supporting Captain Stribling's battery at Hill's Point, Nansemond river, captured April 19, 1863.
Vol. XIX, Part I--(812) Medical director reports 4killed and 65 wounded, Maryland campaign.
Vol. XXI--(540) Transferred from Wright's to Law's brigade, Hood s division, November 26, 1862. (559) One killed, battle of Fredericksburg, December 13, 1862. (1071) Col. C. A. Derby commanding regiment. (1099) Law's brigade reorganized by detaching North Carolina regiments and replacing them with Alabama regiments, so that the brigade comprised the Fourth, Fifteenth, Forty-fourth, Forty-seventh and Forty-eighth, January, 1863.
No. 44--(284) Col. William F. Perry commanding regiment, Gettysburg campaign. (330, 339) Casualties, 24 killed and 64 wounded at battle of Gettysburg. (393, 394) Colonel Perry's report: "General Law informed me that he expected my men to take a battery. Such was their extreme exhaustion, having marched without interruption twenty-four miles to reach the battlefield, and advanced at a double-quick step fully a mile to engage the enemy, that I hesitated for an instant to order them immediately forward .... However, I rushed forward, shouting to them to advance. It was with the greatest difficulty that I could make myself heard or understood above the din of battle. The order was, however, extended along the line, and was promptly obeyed. The men sprang forward, over the rocks, swept the position and took possession of the heights, capturing 40 or 50 prisoners around the battery and among the cliffs.. The conflict continued to rage with great fury until dark. Again and again the enemy with great force attempted to dislodge us from our position and retake the battery, in each case with signal failure and great loss. Lieut.-Col. John A. Jones, Maj. Geo. W. Cary and Lieut. W. P. Becker, acting adjutant, behaved with great coolness and courage. I abstain from mentioning by name others who deserve special commendation, because the list would be so long as to confer little distinction on any single individual, and because injustice might be done to others whose good conduct escaped my observation. The regiment lost 24 killed and 66 wounded."
No. 54--(223) Law's brigade, Hood's division, Longstreet's corps, at Chickamauga and Chattanooga. (227) General Law's report of operations of his brigade from October 8th to 28th, on duty beyond Lookout mountain. (229-231) Mentioned in Colonel Sheffield's report, engagement near Lookout creek, on night of October 28th.
No. 58--(641) Assignment as above, January 31, 1864; Col. Perry commanding brigade.
No. 59--(722) Law's brigade, Buckner's division, department of East Tennessee, March 31, 1864. (803) Brigade ordered to Charlotteville, Va., April 22d.
No. 67--(1022) Law's brigade, Field's division, Longstreet's corps, Lee's army, May, 1864. (1060) Casualties, 27 killed and 112 wounded in battle of the Wilderness, May 4th to 6th.
No. 80--(763) Return of casualties, June 13th to July 31, 1864, 5 killed and 15 wounded during siege of Petersburg.
No. 87--(877) Casualties, August 1st to December 31st, 12 killed and 29 wounded.
No. 88--(159) Law's brigade, Colonel Perry commanding. Mentioned as being on the north side of the James river, August, 1864.
No. 89--(1238) Assignment as above, November 30, 1864; Lieut.-Col. John A. Jones commanding regiment. No. 95--(1268) In Perry's (late Law's) brigade, Lee's army, Field's division, Longstreet's corps, Appomattox campaign. (1277) Lieut.-Col. John A. Jones commanding regiment. Perry's brigade paroled at Appomattox, April 9, 1865.
This Page last updated 06/08/03
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