The Thirty-Sixth Alabama Infantry Regiment
The Thirty-sixth Alabama, organized at Mt. Vernon arsenal, May 12, 1862, was first engaged in constructing defenses at Oven and Choctaw bluffs, then remained at Mobile until April, 1863, when it was sent to Tullahoma and brigaded under General Clayton with the Eighteenth, Thirty-second, Fifty-eighth and Thirty-eighth Alabama. This brigade, with General Holtzclaw as commander after the promotion of General Clayton, was identical throughout the war. The regiment took part in the battle of Chickamauga, where it began its glorious battle record; the number of its wounded in every engagement shows the spirit which inspired its leaders. It wintered at Dalton; fought at Crow Valley, Rocky Face, May 9, 1864; Resaca, May 15th; New Hope, May 25th, fighting constantly from Dalton to Atlanta, and lost 300 men. At Jonesboro, August 31st and September 1st, it lost very heavily. It was with Hood in Tennessee and fought gallantly at Nashville, December 15th and 16th. Transferred with the brigade to General Maury it was stationed at Spanish Fort, where perhaps its greatest hardships were experienced and it lost 110 of its men, wounded and captured. The survivors were surrendered at Meridian. Capt. James A. Wemyss was wounded at Atlanta; John C. Adams, D. W. Kelly and James W. A. Wright at Missionary Ridge; John M. Walker was killed, and Washington Lott wounded at Resaca; John G. Cleveland killed at Chickamauga; William L. Higgins wounded at Jonesboro. Other names are given in the "Extracts" below.
The field officers were: Cols. Robert H. Smith, Lewis T. Woodruff (wounded at New Hope), and Thomas H. Herndon, who was severely wounded at Chickamauga and again at Atlanta, and whose conduct throughout the war was unsurpassed (he was the last man to leave the trenches at Spanish Fort); and Maj. Chas. S. Henegan.
Extracts From Official War Records
Vol. XV--(850) Slaughter's brigade, army of Mobile, Gen. J. H. Forney, October 31, 1852. (1069) Cumming's brigade, Western division, army of Mobile, General Buckner, April, 1863.
Vol. XXIII, Part 2--(943, 960) In Clayton's brigade, Stewart's division, Hill's corps, Bragg's army, Colonel Woodruff, Lieutenant-Colonel Herndon, summer of 1863.
No. 42--(130) General Maury, Mobile, August 1, 1863, asks that regiment detached and sent to General Bragg in April be returned.
No. 51--(16) In Clayton's brigade, Stewart's division, Buckner's corps, Bragg's army, September 19-50, 1863. (367) Casualties, 16 killed and 133 wounded at the battle of Chickamauga. (369) Color-bearer J. W. Tillinghast distinguished in the battle. (384) Mentioned in General Bate's report. (389) Thrilling account of action in battle of Chickamauga, given by Col. Bush Jones. (400-404) General Clayton mentions regiment and gives force on September 19th, 28 officers, 429 men, 401 guns; on September 20th, 22 officers, 338 men and 316 guns. (405) Mentioned in Maj. P. F. Hundley's report. (407, 408) Colonel Woodruff's report gives among the wounded on the 19th, the names of Lieutenant-Colonel Herndon, Capt. J. G. Cleveland, Lieuts. A. H. Hutchinson, J. C. Knox and T. H. Shelton. Speaks of Lieutenants Gladden, Meek, Smith and Walker; also of Captain Derby, Lieutenants Bell, Bullen, Thompson, Banks, Walker, Cleveland and Wiggins. Lieuts. J. A. Cleveland and S. Bell were killed on the 20th, and Lieuts. W. H. P. Gordon, D. M. Prewitt, E. B. Lott and J. Banks were wounded. Commending every officer, he specially names Capt. A. J. Derby and Adjt. T. A. Hatch. "J. W. Tillinghast, of Company B, carried the colors both days, and always to the front; he is a cool, brave man and deserves special mention."
No. 55--(661, 745) Assignment as above. Casualties, 9 killed, 18 wounded, Lookout Mountain and Missionary Ridge, November 24 and 25, 1863.
No. 56--Assignment as above, October to December, 1863; total present, 353, December 14th.
No. 57--(479) Casualties at Rocky Face Mountain, February 24 and 25, 1864, 11 wounded.
No. 74--(641, et seq.) In Clayton's (Holtzclaw's) brigade, Stewart's division, Hood's corps, Atlanta campaign. (831-834) Mentioned in Gen. H. D. Clayton's report of the several engagements from the 7th of May to the 25th, 1864 (including Rocky Face mountain, Resaca and New Hope church), highly commends regiment and says: "I feel I ought to particularly mention Lieut. John R. Hall, Lieut. J. M. Walker, and Lieut. J. T. Jackson, of the Thirty-sixth Alabama regiment." Casualties, 14 killed, 70 wounded. (836-838) Report of Capt. James A. Wemyss, in command of regiment: "Rocky Face mountain, May 10th, 1 killed, 5 wounded; Resaca, May 15th, 14 killed, 70 wounded; New Hope church, May 25th, Col. L. T. Woodruff was seriously wounded, 8 killed and 27 wounded. Aggregate casualties, 133." (864) Mentioned by Col. J. C. Lewis.
No. 79--(897) Total present, 303, November 7, 1864.
No. 93--(665) December 10, 1864, Capt. Nathan M. Carpenter commanding regiment, Nashville campaign.
No. 103--(1046) In Holtzclaw's brigade, district of the Gulf, March 10, 1865.
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