The Thirty-Third Alabama Infantry Regiment
The Thirty-third, organized at Pensacola, in April, 1862, was sent to Corinth soon after the battle of Shiloh. It took part in the Kentucky campaign at the capture of Munfordville, September 17th, and suffered heavy loss at Perryville, October 8th. It was greatly distinguished at Murfreesboro, December 31, 1862, to January 2, 1863. The brilliant record of the regiment was again established at Chickamauga, September 19th and 20th, where it lost 133 men. The Eighteenth battalion, Major Gibson, had been attached to the regiment and amalgamated with it, so that henceforth their history is identical, and in this battle perished the gallant leader of the battalion. The roll of honor of the organization is a long and creditable one. The regiment was at Lookout Mountain, November 24th, Missionary Ridge, November 25th, and Ringgold, November 27th. Worn, weary, many of the men barefooted, the regiment never lost its spirit, but fought on to the end with the same undaunted bravery. It wintered in Dalton and took part in all the battles and skirmishes from there to Chattanooga, always in the front. Its gallant Colonel Adams was killed at Atlanta, July 22, 1864. With Hood in Tennessee, the regiment lost heavily, its strength of 285 men being reduced to less than 80. The regiment was transferred to North Carolina and surrendered at Smithfield.
Adjutant Stalworth died at Tupelo: Adjt. A. M. Moore and Capt. William S. Sims were killed at Chickamauga; Capt. William E. Dodson at Kenesaw; Capt. J. D. McKee at Perryville; Capts. John C. Norman and W. E. Cooper in a railroad accident.
Among the field officers were Col. Samuel Adams, killed at Atlanta, and Col. Robert Crittenden; Lieut.-Cols. Daniel H. Horn, and James H. Dunklin, who was wounded at Chickamauga.
Extracts From Official War Records
Vol. X, Part I--(788) Hawthorn's brigade, Hardee's corps, army of the Mississippi, General Bragg, June 30, 1862.
Vol. XX, Part I--(660, 680) Wood's brigade, Cleburne's division, army of Tennessee, at battle of Murfreesboro, 14 killed and 86 wounded. (851) Report of General Cleburne of operations December 26 to January 3, 1863: Col. Samuel Adams, Capts. W. E. Dodson and Thomas Seay, severely wounded; Sergt.-Maj. Mizell mortally wounded, Corp. Isaac R. Smith, Company C; Sergeant Stewart, Company H; Private Boyd, Company I; Foster, Company E, and Riley, Company D, specially mentioned. (896-900) Mentioned by Gen. S. A.M. Wood, in report of same battle, who speaks very highly of Col. Samuel Adams. (903, 906) Colonel Adams, in his report of Murfreesboro, says: "For nine days my men were continually marching in line of battle, or actually engaged in fighting; very frequently slept in the rain without tents, and during the whole time not a word of complaint was heard. The men acted very bravely in battle, many of them when the regiment was moving forward utterly regardless of their safety, and were at all times far in advance of the line. In these engagements Capt. W. E. Dodson, commanding Company C, and Capt. Thomas Seay, commanding Company K, acted with much coolness and bravery, being in all forward movements in advance of the regiment, cheering their men forward. Near the close of December 31, 1862, Captain Seay fell, severely wounded. Sergeant-Major Mizell, at his own request, carried a gun into action on 31st, and took position near the colors; he fell, mortally wounded, in the first charge, in advance of the regiment, cheering the men forward. Corp. Isaac R. Smith, Company C, Sergeant Stewart, Company H, Private Boyd, Company I, Private Foster, Company E, Private Riley, Company D, each acted with much coolness and bravery during the engagements."
Vol. XXIII, Part I--(590) On picket near Wartrace, June 25, 1863, Gen. St. John R. Liddell's report.
Vol. XXIII, Part 2--(942, 959) Wood's brigade, Cleburne's division, Hill's corps, Bragg's army. August 10, 1863, Lieut.-Col. R. F. Crittenden commanding regiment.
No. 51--(12) Assignment as above, September 19-20, 1863, together with Eighteenth (Gibson's) battalion. (159-163) Mentioned in Gen. S. A. M. Wood's report of battle of Chickamauga. (165-167) Report of Col. Samuel Adams, Thirty-third regiment, commanding also Gibson's (Eighteenth) battalion, of battle of Chickamauga gives 16 killed and 133 wounded. "Officers and men acted very gallantly." Mentions particularly Captain Dodson, Company C, and Captain Hammett, Company D, as most distinguished for coolness and bravery. "Adjt. A. M. Moore was killed on the 19th, and Maj. J. H. Gibson, Gibson's battalion, was mortally wounded on the 20th. Both of these were brave and efficient officers, and in their death the country has sustained much loss." (167-169, 175) Mentioned in Col. E. B. Breed-love's and Lieutenant Goldthwaite's reports. (534) Roll of honor, battle of Chickamauga: Capt. W. E. Dod-son, Company C; Capt. B. F. Hammett, D; Private W. R. Mock, A; Private J. D. Pevey, C; Sergt. C. L. Sessions,(*) D; Private P. H. L. Lewis,(*) E; Third Sergt. Richard R. Bush,(*) G; Corp. Alexander R. Bell, H; Private W. E. Hatten, I; Private William Harris, K. Roll of honor of Gibson's battalion: First Lieut. L. S. Mathews, Company B; Corp. R. A. Jones, A; Private Silas P. Dutton, B; Private George Ridley, C.
No. 55--(660) Lowrey's brigade, Bragg's army of Tennessee, November 20, 1863. (755, 769)Mentioned in Generals Cleburne's and Lowrey's reports of battle of Ringgold Gap, November 27, 1863. (770, 771) Report of Col. Samuel Adams, loss 2 killed, 9 wounded. Had several men engaged in fight who had marched from Missionary Ridge entirely barefooted.
No. 56--(618, 823, 885) Assignment as above. Total present, 536, December 14, 1863.
No. 74--Assignment as above, during Atlanta campaign. (725) Mentioned in General Cleburne's report of operations, May 27, 1864. (731-735) Mentioned in General Lowrey's report of the engagements from July 20th to September 1st, gives 7 killed and 38 wounded: "It was about 9:30 o'clock of this day (July 21st) that the gallant Col. Samuel Adams, Thirty-third Alabama regiment, was instantly killed by a Yankee sharpshooter. This true patriot and Christian hero--a perfect specimen of a soldier and gentleman--who had distinguished himself on many well-fought fields, fell at his post, leaving his gallant regiment to feel as orphans, and many other friends and comrades in arms to mourn an irreparable loss." Lieut.-Col. Robert F. Crittenden then took command.
No. 93--(667)Assignment as above, December 10, 1864. Sixteenth, Thirty-third and Forty-fifth Alabama under Colonel Abercrombie.
No 98----(1063) First Alabama (consolidated Sixteenth, Thirty-third and Forty-fifth), Col. Robert H. Abercrombie, April 9, 1865: Shelley's brigade, Stewart's corps, Johnston's army.
No. 100--(773) Transferred from Lowrey's to Shelley's brigade, near Smithfield, N. C., April 9, 1865.
(*)Killed in action.
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