The Thirty-First Alabama Infantry Regiment
This regiment was organized at Talladega, April, 1862, and reported at Chattanooga; proceeded with the army at Knoxville, took part in the fight at Cumberland Gap, June 18, 1862, and at Tazewell, August 6th. It was in Kentucky, but not in the midst of the fighting. In Mississippi it fought well and suffered heavy loss at Port Gibson. It suffered all the privations of the long siege of Vicksburg and was surrendered with that place, having lost severely; when exchanged, was assigned to the army of Tennessee and brigaded under General Pettus; took a prominent part in the Dalton-Atlanta campaign. It went with Hood into Tennessee, suffering severely at Columbia and Nashville, and was in the rear guard of the army on its return. Sent into the Carolinas, it fought brilliantly at Bentonville with considerable loss, and finally surrendered at Greensboro, with but a small remnant of the over-full regiment that started out.
Capt. W. L. Hughes was wounded at Jonesboro; I. J. Nix wounded and captured at Baker's Creek and again wounded at Jonesboro. Lieutenant Bagley (commanding company) was killed at Bentonville; Capt. W. J. Rhodes wounded at Kinston and Bentonville; Lieut. W. H. Boggess killed at Vicksburg; Capt. S. L. Arrington died in service. The field officers were Col. Daniel R. Hund-ley, wounded and captured at Port Gibson and again captured at Big Shanty, Ga.; Lieut.-Col. Thomas M. Arrington and Maj. G. W. Mathieson.
Extracts From Official War Records
Vol. X, Part 2--(573) Col. D. R. Hunadley, unattached, May 31, 1862. Department of East Tennessee, Gen. Kirby Smith, headquarters Knoxville. (581) To be sent toward Chattanooga, under certain circumstances, June 3d.
Vol. XVI, Part 2--(697) Hundley's regiment especially asked for by Adjutant-General Belton, Knoxville, June 22, 1862. (716, 719, 984) Barton's brigade, with Gen. E. Kirby Smith, to October, 1862.
Vol. XVII, Part I--(695) Colonel Thomas, in his report of battle at Chickasaw bayou, December 27, 1862, says: "Regiment behaved well."
Vol. XVII, Part 2--(825) Eight companies only arrived at Chickasaw bluffs, January 3. 1863, 260 strong; Smith's division commanded by General Tracy.
No. 36--(586) Mentioned in report of James Keigwin (Union), battle of Thompson's Hill, May 1, 1863. (678, 682) Mentioned in Col. Isham W. Garrott's report of battle of Port Gibson, May 1st. Col. D. R. Hundley, having ventured too far in front of his line in search of a better position nearer to the enemy, was severely wounded, and the command devolved upon Lieut.-Col. T. M. Arrington.
No. 37--(95) Mentioned in report of Gen. C. L. Stevenson, battle of Champion's Hill, May 16, 1863. (101, 103) Mentioned by Gen. S. D. Lee. Sergt.-Maj. W. W. Garrard particularly noticed. (326) Gen. S. D. Lee's brigade, army of Vicksburg, Gen. J. C. Pemberton, July 4, 1863. Lieutenant-Colonel Arrington commanding regiment. (350, 352) General Lee's report, siege of Vicksburg: "The Thirty-first Alabama attracted my attention by their good conduct. Lieutenant Arrington in command of a battery-was gallant and vigilant." (353) Mentioned in report of Col. A. C. Roberds, siege of Vicksburg. (354) Report of Maj. G. W. Mathieson, commanding regiment, gives loss, 21 killed and 37 wounded, and says: "The officers and men in the command submitted to the hardships and privations of the siege with great endurance and patience."
No. 38--(612) Tracy's brigade, Stevenson's division, to April, 1863. (1059) Lee's brigade, Stevenson's division, August 29, 1863.
No. 55--(662) Pettus' brigade, Stevenson's division, Breckinridge's corps, army of Tennessee, General Bragg, Missionary Ridge. (724) Casualties, November 24th and 25th, 2 killed, 16 wounded. (731, 732) Mentioned in report of General Pettus.
No. 56--(804, 823, 884) Pettus' brigade, Hardee's corps, army of Tennessee, December, 1863. Total present, 452.
No. 57--(482) Casualties in demonstration at Dalton, February 25, 1864, 2 wounded.
No. 59--(869) Assignment as above, April 30, 1864.
No. 73--(69) Mentioned in Col. E. A. Carmen's (Union) report of the battle of Resaca, May 15, 1864.
No. 74--(641-672) Assignment as above, Hood's corps, during Atlanta campaign. Capt. J. J. Nix commanding regiment, June 30th. Maj. Geo. W. Mathieson commanding regiment, July 10th.
No. 93--(665, 1224) Assignment as above, Lee's corps, December 10, 1864.
No. 94--(799, 801) Total present, 180, January 19, 1865. Lieut.-Col. Thos. M. Arrington commanding regiment.
No. 100--(733) Pettus' brigade, commanded by Col. Jos. E. Bibb, Lee's corps, army of Tennessee; regiment commanded by Maj. Geo. W. Mathieson, March 31, 1865.
No. 104--(1134) General Roddey asks for the parts of these regiments that are at home, March 20, 1865.
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