The Twenty-First Alabama Infantry Regiment
This regiment was organized in Mobile in October, 1861, and served that winter at Mobile. In March, 1862, it proceeded to Corinth and was distinguished in the battle of Shiloh, April 6th and 7th, being complimented in general orders. It also fought at Farmington, May 3d, after which the regiment was ordered back to Mobile. Two of its companies withstood a bombardment of two weeks from 5 gunboats and 6 mortar boats in their attempt to force an entrance to Grant's pass, August, 1864. They held out heroically until, overwhelmed by the immense resources of the enemy, they blew up the fort and evacuated it. The six companies stationed at Fort Gaines held out until August 8, 1864, when they were compelled to surrender. The rest of the regiment formed part of the garrison at Spanish Fort and engaged in its defense, March 26 to April 8, 1865. Lieutenant Dixon, a gallant Kentuckian of this regiment, and several of his command, volunteered to man a submarine torpedo boat in Charleston harbor. They went to sea the night of February 17, 1864, and blew up the Housatonic, of the Federal blockading squadron, but the brave crew all perished by the explosion which destroyed the Federal vessel.
Its colonels were James Crawford and Chas. D. Anderson. Its lieutenant-colonels were Andrew J. Ingersol, Stewart W. Cayce, Charles S. Stewart and James M. Williams. Its majors were Frederick K. Stewart, Franklin J. McCoy and Charles G. Johnston.
Extracts From Official War Records
Vol. VI--(756) General Bragg reports that Colonel Crawford's regiment has consented to change tenure of service and is mustered in for 12 months. (819) Brigaded under General Withers, army of Mobile, department of Alabama and West Florida, February 1, 1862.
Vol. VII--(915) Memoranda of Gen. G. T. Beauregard, Jackson, Tenn., March 3, 1862, says: "Regiment to go to Fort Pillow."
Vol. X, Part 1--(383) In Gladden's brigade, army of Mississippi, at battle of Shiloh, April 6-7, 1862. (534) Mentioned in Gen. Jones M. Withers' report. (538) Col. Z. C. Deas' report mentions Lieut.-Col. S. W. Cayce in command. (540, 541) Cayce's report thanks and praises Major Stewart and Capt. John F. Jewett. Mentions particularly Lieutenants Parker, Rogers, Williams, and Savage, and Captains Chamberlain and Stewart. Maj. F. Stewart resigned. (556-563) Mentioned in Col. John C. Moore's reports. (789) In Gen. J. K. Jackson's brigade, army of the Mississippi, General Bragg commanding, June 30, 1862.
Vol. XV--(850) First battalion at Choctaw and Owen bluffs, Col. C. D. Anderson commanding. Second battalion at Forts Morgan and Gaines, Col. W. L. Powell commanding. District of the Gulf, Gen. J. H. Forney commanding, October 31, 1862.
Vol. XVII, Part 2--(633, 659) In Gen. J. K. Jackson's brigade, army of the Mississippi, June 30, 1862. By command of General Bragg, Twenty-first Alabama detached from the army of the Mississippi, and assigned to duty as part of garrison of Mobile, July 26th.
No. 42--(39, 131, 157, 275) Department of the Gulf, Cantey's and Powell's brigades, Gen. Dabney H. Maury commanding, June to September, 1863. (402) Third brigade, department of the Gulf, General Maury commanding, November, 1863. (511, 562) Third brigade, Gen. Edward Higgins, Mobile, commanding, to January 20, 1864.
No. 59---(861) In Page's brigade, General Maury's army, April 30, 1864.
No. 77--(428) General Maury, August 12, 1864, mentions the regiment as part of garrison of Fort Gaines. (441, 442) Col. James M. Williams' report of the evacuation and destruction of Fort Powell, on the night of August 5th.
No. 78--(678, 703, 752) In Page's brigade, General Maury's army, June to August, 1864.
No. 79--(876) Detachment under Capt. B. Frank Dade, in Taylor's command, November 1, 1864.
No. 84--(142) Colonel :Myers (Union) says: "Eight companies, 50 men each, 400 strong, are at Fort Gaines, July 12, 1864." He says, July 10th, that they are guarding salt-works at Bonsecours bay.
No. 94--(633) Detachment of regiment in Taylor's command, department of Alabama, Mississippi, and East Louisiana, December 1, 1864.
No. 103--(1046) In Thomas' brigade, district of the Gulf, March 10, 1865. Lieut.-Col. James M. Williams in command of regiment.
No. 104--(226, 1158, 1163) Mentioned by A. M. Jackson, H. L. D. Lewis and Gen. R. L. Gibson. (1184) General Gibson asks for the regiment to be sent to him at Blakely, April 1, 1865.
This Page last updated 06/07/03
RETURN TO ALABAMA REGIMENTS PAGE