The Nineteenth Alabama Infantry
The Nineteenth Alabama infantry was organized at Huntsville, August, 1861; served at Mobile and Pensacola until February, 1862, when it joined the army at Corinth; made a brilliant record at the battle of Shiloh, where it lost 219 killed and wounded; was in the Kentucky campaign and prominent at Murfreesboro, December 31st to January 2d; was engaged in the fighting incident to the retreat of the army from Tullahoma to Chattanooga, June 27 to July 4, 1863; added increased luster to its reputation at Chickamauga, September 19th and 20th, and was warmly engaged at Missionary Ridge, November 23d to 25th. The Nineteenth was in the Georgia campaign from May until September, 1864, taking part with great credit in the numerous battles of that heated campaign, including the fighting around Dalton, May 7th to May 9th; Resaca, May 13th to 15th; Cassville, May 19th to 22d; Kenesaw, June 9th to 30th; Peachtree Creek, July 20th; the great battle on the Decatur road, July 22d; Ezra Chapel, July 28th; Jonesboro, August 31st and September 1st, and Lovejoy's Station, September 2d to 6th. The regiment went with General Hood into Tennessee, and fought with gallantry at Franklin, November 30th; at Nashville, December 13th to 16th, and also at Bentonville, N. C., March 19 to 21, 1865.
Among the killed were: Capts. William R. McKenzie, May 29th, at Corinth; R. J. Healey, at Murfreesboro; H. L. Houston, at Atlanta; Capt. Nathan J. Venable, at Marietta; Capt. Ed. Thornton, at Jonesboro; Lieut. Joseph B. High, at Chickamauga.
Its field officers were: Cols. Joseph Wheeler and Samuel K. McSpadden; Lieut.-Cols. Edward D. Tracy, afterward brigadier-general and killed near Port Gibson, May 1, 1863, George R. Kimbrough and Nick Davis. Its majors were James H. Savage and Solomon Palmer.
Extracts From Official War Records
Vol. IV--(416) Commanded by Col. Joseph Wheeler; assigned to Brig.-Gen. L. P. Walker, September 19, 1861.
Vol. VI--(772) Aggregate present, 940, December 2, 1861. (819) Army of Mobile, General Withers commanding; department of Alabama and West Florida, commanded by General Bragg, February 1, 1862.
Vol. X, Part 1--(383) In Jackson's brigade, army of the Mississippi, battle of Shiloh. (534, 535) Mentioned in Gen. Jones M. Withers' report. Regiment covered rear guard. (552, 553) Mentioned by Gen. James R. Chalmers and Gen. John K. Jackson. (556) Stand of colors captured by Wheeler. (558-560) Colonel Wheeler's report. He particularly mentions Lieut.-Col. E. D. Tracy, Maj. S. K. McSpadden, Adjt. Clifton Walker, Lieuts. Solomon Palmer, R. H. Hagood, J. N. Barry, J. E. Nabbers, D. C. Hodo, W. H. Anderson, B. L. Porter, and Sergt.-Maj. P. L. Griffitts. (561-563) Mentioned by Col. John C. Moore. (788) In Gardner's brigade, June 30, 1862. (839) Wheeler's report, Farmington, May 10, 1862. (853) Wheeler's report, Bridge Creek, May 28th and 29th: "Capt. W. R. D. McKenzie, a most gallant and efficient officer, received a mortal wound." Particularly mentions Captain Hollinsworth and others.
Vol. XVI, Part 2--(764) In Gardner's brigade, Withers' division, army of the Mississippi, under Maj.-Gen. L. Polk, August 18 and 20, 1862.
Vol. XVII, Part 2--(633) Assignment as above, June 30, 1862.
Vol. XX, Part 1--(658) Deas' brigade, Withers' division, army of Tennessee, Stone's River campaign. (677) 8 killed, 143 wounded, Murfreesboro; Capt. Robert J. Healey killed.
Vol. XX, Part 2--(418, 431) Same assignment, November, 1862.
Vol. XXIII, Part 2--(735, 942, 958) In Deas' brigade, Withers' division, Polk's army corps, April to August, 1863, Col. S. K. McSpadden commanding regiment.
No. 51--(15) Assignment as above, September 19-20, 1863, battle of Chickamauga. (333-335) Report of Colonel McSpadden says: "While I cannot specify the many acts of gallantry and daring exhibited by the different officers and men under my command, there was one instance of valor and daring so extraordinary as to demand my attention. On the second charge in the evening, when the troops on my right began to waver, Capt. Hugh L. Houston, Company B, sprang to his colors, and, rushing with them to within 30 steps of the enemy's cannon, gallantly waved them and urged the men to follow their country's banner." Loss, 34 killed and 158 wounded. Lieut. Joseph B. High, Company H, a good man, a consistent Christian, fell while gallantly leading his company.
No. 56--(617, 805, 825, 886) Aggregate present and absent, 734, December 14, 1863. In Deas' brigade, Hindman's division, army of Tennessee, Gen. Joseph E. Johnston commanding, December 31, 1863. Lieut.-Col. George R. Kimbrough.
No. 58--(589) Maj. Sol. Paltrier commanding regiment, January 20, 1864.
No. 74--(346, 640, 648, 656) Assignment as above. Lieut. -Col: George R. Kimbrough in command of regiment, June 30, 1864. (663) In Johnston's brigade, Anderson's division, Lee's corps, army of Tennessee, July 31st. Lieut.-Col. Harry T. Toulmin in command of regiment. (776, 777) Report of Lieutenant-Colonel Toulmin, commanding brigade, of the engagement of the 28th of July, near Atlanta.
No. 78--(853) Assignment as above, September 20, 1864. Lieut.-Col. George R. Kimbrough commanding. No. 93--(664) Assignment as above, December 10, 1864. No. 98--(1065) In Pettus' brigade, Stevenson's division, Lee's corps, General Johnston commanding; Lieut.-Col. E. S. Gulley commanding regiment.
No. 100--(734) In Deas' brigade, army of Tennessee, March 31, 1865, Maj. Sol. Palmer in command of regiment.
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