The Eighteenth Alabama Infantry Regiment
The Eighteenth Alabama regiment was organized at Auburn, September, 1861. Its first duty was at Mobile. At the battle of Shiloh it engaged in the severe fighting which resulted in the capture of Prentiss' division, and was ordered by General Wheeler to carry the prisoners to Corinth. It returned to Mobile, where it remained till 1863. It was prominent in the battle of Chickamauga, September 19th and 20th, losing nearly two-thirds of its number, killed and wounded; participated in all the subsequent battles of the army of Tennessee and was distinguished in the Dalton and Atlanta campaign; engaged in the battles in front of Dalton, May 7th to 12th; Resaca, May 14th and 15th; Cassville, May 18th; New Hope Church, May 25th, and Pickett's Mill, May 27th. The regiment was also in battle at Peachtree Creek, July 20th; Atlanta, July 22d; Jonesboro, August 31st and September 1st; Lovejoy's Station, September 2d to 6th; Franklin, Tenn., November 30th, and Nashville, December 15th and 16th. The Eighteenth was then ordered to Mobile and participated in the defense of Spanish Fort, March 26 to April 8, 1865.
Among the officers killed were: Lieut.-Col. Richard F. Inge, Captains Justice, Stringer, Hammond, and Mickle, and Lieutenants Fielder, McAdory and Kidd, all of whom met death at Chickamauga.
Its commanding officers were: Colonel Inge, whose name heads the roll of honor of the killed and wounded at Chickamauga, given below; Col. Edwin C. Bullock, one of the leading citizens of Alabama, died in November, 1861; Col. Eli S. Shorter, distinguished at Shiloh; Col. James T. Holtzclaw, who was wounded at Shiloh and afterward became distinguished as a brigadier-general, and Col. James Strawbridge, who was temporarily assigned: Lieut.-Col. Peter F. Hunley, and Majs. Sheppard Ruffin, William M. Moxley; also Bryan M. Thomas, who was temporarily assigned and was afterward a prominent brigadier-general.
Extracts From The Official War Records
Vol. IV--(416) Commanded by Col. E. C. Bullock, September 19, 1861.
Vol. VI--(772) Aggregate present, 858, December 2, 1861. (795) Mentioned by secretary of war, January 5, 1862. (806) General Bragg, January 14, 1862, says it was organized, and field officers appointed by President. (819) Brigaded under General Withers, in department of Alabama and West Florida, General Bragg in command, February 1, 1862. (836) Ordered to Corinth, Miss., February 26, 1862.
Vol. X, Part I--(383) J. K. Jackson's brigade, Second corps, army of the Mississippi, General Bragg, April 6-7, 1862 Colonel Shorter commanding regiment. (533) Marched Prentiss' captured division to Corinth (General Withers' report). (553-555) Referred to in Gen. J. K. Jackson's report. (557) Colonel Shorter's report, Shiloh, gives 20 killed, 80 wounded. Lieut.-Col. Holtzclaw dangerously wounded while gallantly discharging his duty. (789) Assignment as above, June 30th.
Vol. XV--(850) Army of Mobile, Slaughter commanding; district of the Gulf, commanded by General Forney, October 31, 1862. (1069) Cumming's brigade, department of the Gulf, General Buckner commanding, April, 1863; Col. J. T. Holtzclaw commanding regiment.
Vol. XVI, Part 2--(733) Detached from Hardee's command at Tupelo and made part of garrison of the defenses of Mobile.
Vol. XXIII, Part 2--(943, 960) Clayton's brigade, Hill's corps, Bragg's army, July 31, 1863; Lieut.-Col. R. F. Inge commanding regiment.
No. 42--(130) Correspondence relating to regiment--General Maury, August 1, 1863.
No. 51--(16) Assignment as above, battle of Chickamauga, September 19-20, 1863. Field officers: Colonel Holtzclaw, Lieutenant-Colonel Inge, Maj. P. F. Hunley. (367) Casualties, 36 killed, 250 wounded, September 18th to 20th. (369) Roll of honor, Chickamauga: Sergt. T. J. Durritt, Company E; Private J. Jones, Company F; Corp. and Color-bearer J. B. Moore, Company G; Private T. F. Hughston, Company K. (400-404) Mentioned in report of General Clayton. Aggregate strength on 19th, 527; on 20th, 306. (405, 406) Major Hunley's report says: "The regiment went into the fight with aggregate 527, and the total loss of the battle was 297. Colonel Holtzclaw was thrown from his horse and badly hurt. S.K. Fielder, first lieutenant, Company H, was mortally wounded while gallantly cheering on his men. Pollard and Harper, first and second lieutenants, Company A, were wounded, the first mortally, the last severely. Captain Wilkerson was wounded in the heel. Captain Mickle was severely wounded while leading his company (I) in the charge. Captain Stone of Company K, wounded in the neck. Lieutenant Johnston, Company I, wounded in the right forearm. Lieutenant Riser, Company K, knocked down twice during the charge, with grapeshot, but remained with the regiment until next day. Captain Justice (than whom there was not a more gallant officer in the service) and Lieutenant McAdory were killed outright. Lieut.-Col. R. F. Inge was mortally wounded while gallantly leading the right of the regiment. Captains Stringer, Company B, and Hammond, Company D, were mortally wounded. Officers and men all behaved well, and it hardly seems just to make any distinction when all tried to do their duty, but I cannot refrain from mentioning Captain Ruffin and Lieut. J. B. Darby of Company H, Captain Mickle, Company I, Lieutenant Stewart, Company E, and Lieutenant Riser, Company K, who were especially distinguished for their good conduct during the battle." (408, 411) Mentioned by Colonel Woodruff and Col. A. R. Lankford. (533) Roll of honor, Chickamauga: Lieut.-Col. R. F. Inge;(*) Capts. J. H. Justice,(*) Company A; Orville A. Stringer,(*) Company B; J. H. Hammond,(*) Company D; First Lieuts. A. J. Kidd,(*) Company D; S. K. Fielder,(*) Company H; Private J. M. Carpenter, Company A; Corp. J.W. Williams, Company B; Privates J. P. Young,(*) Company G; Hiram L. White, Company H (since dead); Corp. C. Roden,(*) Company I; Private David Stewart, Company K; Sergts. R. A. Micars,(*) Company C; R.A. Lambert, Company D; Privates W. Howard,(*) Company E; M. Smith, Company F; J. H. Gwin,(*) Company H: Sergt. J. F. Williamson, Company H; Corp. C. W. O'Hara, Company I; Private W. A. McCatry,(*) Company K.
No. 55--(661) In Clayton's brigade, Bragg's army, November 20, 1863; Maj. Shep. Ruffin commanding regiment. (745) Casualties, 4 killed, 48 wounded, Chatta-nooga-Ringgold campaign.
No. 56--(618, 805) Assignment as above, to December 10, 1863. (824) Aggregate regimental strength, 827, December 14th. (887) Assignment as above, December 31, 1863, Colonel Holtzclaw commanding regiment.
No. 57--(479) Casualties, 7 wounded, at Rocky Face Mountain, February 24-25, 1864.
No. 74--(641, 649, 657, 664, 672) Holtzclaw's brigade, Johnston's army, from July 10, 1864, to August 31, 1864, Lieut.-Col. P. F. Hunley commanding regiment. (818) Mentioned in report of Gen. A. P. Stewart. Operations May 7 to 27, 1864. (832, 833) Mentioned in report of Gen. H. D. Clayton, for May 7th to 27th, "Captain Darby, of the Eighteenth, a gallant and zealous officer." (834) Casualties, 2 killed, 4 wounded. (836) Report of Colonel Hunley, 14 killed and 97 wounded. (841-844) Report of Colonel Bushrod Jones makes special mention of gallantry of Lieutenant Stewart. (862) Mentioned in report of Maj. J. E. Austin, Atlanta campaign.
No. 78--(854) Assignment as above, September 20, 1864. No. 79--(897) Organization of Clayton's division, Lee's corps, army of Tennessee; aggregate of regiment, 765, November 7, 1864.
No. 93--(665) Assignment as above, December 10, 1864. No. 103---(938) Holtzclaw's brigade left Meridian for Mobile, January 26, 1865. (1046) In Holtzclaw's brigade, district of the Gulf, March 10, 1865; Capt. A. C. Greene in command of regiment
No. 104--(226) Mentioned by A. M. Jackson (Union), March 22, 1865.
(*) Killed in action..
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